Le programme européen Marie Skłodowska-Curie Actions (MSCA) a pour objectif de renforcer le potentiel humain de la recherche et de la technologie en Europe, avec un accent particulier accordé à la formation des chercheurs.

AMECRYS

AMECRYS est un projet de recherche financé par la commission européenne sous l’égide du programme Horizon 2020. Il s’inscrit dans le cadre des actions “Future and Emerging Technologies (FET-OPEN)” qui visent à promouvoir le lancement de programmes de recherche radicalement innovants dans le domaine des sciences et technologies. Parce que les méthodes actuelles basées sur les plateformes de chromatographie sont à la fois coûteuses et fastidieuses, le principal objectif du consortium AMECRYS est de révolutionner la manière dont les médicaments sont produits à travers une approche s’appuyant sur le développement de membranes spécifiquement conçues pour favoriser la cristallisation.

James Lutsko et son groupe de recherche du Centre Interdisciplinaire des Phénomènes Non-Linéaires et Systèmes Complexes de l’ULB participent à ce projet en apportant leur expertise dans le domaine de la théorie et de la simulation des processus de nucléation et de cristallisation.

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Beyond EPICA – Oldest Ice

Le projet Beyond EPICA – Oldest Ice regroupe une communauté d'experts scientifiques et d'infrastructures consacrés à l'étude des calottes glaciaires fondée sur l'analyse de carottes de glace. Il constitue la base scientifique et technique d'un programme global, visant à extraire une carotte glaciaire vieille de 1,5 million d'années dans le cadre d'une étape de forage ultérieure du projet Beyond EPICA.

Ce forage pourrait fournir des archives uniques de la composition de l’air des précédentes époques glaciaires et surtout la transition mid-Pleistocène qui est caractérisé par le changement des cycles climatique d’environ 40,000 ans vers les cycles de 100,000 ans. Le projet contribue également à favoriser l'exploration future de l'Antarctique et promet de fournir aux scientifiques des informations précieuses sur le climat et les flux de carbone à travers le monde. Ces connaissances permettront enfin d'améliorer les diagnostics futurs concernant l'évolution du climat au moyen de données quantitatives fiables, et d'élaborer des stratégies plus ciblées visant à relever les défis sociétaux que représente le réchauffement climatique.

Le Laboratoire de Glaciologie de l’ULB est impliqué dans ce projet via l’analyse de la glace basale et la modélisation de la calotte de l’Antarctique afin de déterminer sa stabilité au cours des dernier 1.5 millions d’années (Frank Pattyn/Jean-Louis Tison/François Fripiat).

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EU4HIVCURE

The EU4HIVCURE consortium – Accelerating HIV Cure in Europe - is supported by the H2020 Marie Sklodowska-Curie action of the European commission to allow Research and Innovation Staff Exchange (RISE).

This consortium is built upon dynamic collaborations between academic researchers and Infectious Diseases clinicians from 5 countries (Ireland, Belgium, France, Italy and Canada), including the Service of Molecular Virology of Carine Van Lint and the Service of Infectious Diseases of Stéphane De Wit from the CHU Saint-Pierre Hospital.

This collaborative project aims at supporting mobility of scientists between the different partner research groups for the development of novel strategies aimed at eliminating HIV-1 latent reservoirs in order to achieve an HIV/AIDS cure or remission.
 

Finding a cure for 36 million individuals living with HIV/AIDS is one of the important global health challenges of the 21st century. The major obstacle to HIV eradication is the persistence of latent HIV cellular reservoirs, where the integrated viral genomes are transcriptionally silenced but replication-competent and can escape both combination antiretroviral therapy (cART) and host immune responses.

In this context, the Service of Molecular Virology headed by Carine Van Lint (FRS-F.N.R.S. Research Director) has developed for the last 25 years an interest for pathogenic retroviruses and more specifically for the lentivirus HIV-1 (Human Immunodeficiency Virus type 1) and the control of its gene expression in models of persistent infection. HIV-1 invades the T-helper lymphocytes population and is responsible for a severe defect in cell-mediated immune response known as acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS). The aim of the EU4HIVCURE consortium is to further understand the molecular mechanisms involved in the establishment and maintenance of HIV-1 latency and in transcriptional reactivation from latency.

Moreover, based on their basic science results, the consortium will define novel targets and develop innovative pharmacological therapeutic strategies aimed at reactivating HIV-1 transcription in latently-infected cells, while maintaining cART in order to prevent de novo infection.

To accelerate the state of the art in HIV cure research in Europe, the EU4HIVCURE consortium brings together an intersectoral and interdisciplinary collaboration. The aim of this consortium is to dissect the intricate mechanisms controlling HIV-1 latency and identify new druggable targets to develop novel latency-reversing strategies and eradicate persistent viral reservoirs by forcing HIV-1 gene expression. To facilitate continuum for translation to the clinic, the EU4HIVCURE consortium has developed an operational framework, which maximizes exchange of knowledge and expertise via secondements, networking and training activities.

EUNADICS-AV

European Natural Airborne Disaster Information and Coordination System for Aviation

The EUNADICS-AV consortium is led by EUMETNET (European National Meteorological Services) and consists of 14 participating organizations from 7 different countries. Under the umbrella of EUMETNET, 8 National Meteorological Services (Austria, Belgium, France, Finland, Iceland, Netherlands, Sweden, Switzerland) participate as third parties, covering five additional countries. Two participants are SMEs. The airborne natural hazards currently addressed by this project are Volcanic eruptions, Nuclear emission/releases (accident or wilful act), Forest fires and Sand Storms.

ULB will contribute with data products generated from observations of the IASI instrument (Infrared Atmospheric Sounding Interferometer) on-board the Metop satellite platform. In particular observations of volcanic ash, dust and volcanic SO2 will be exploited, for which the Atmospheric Spectroscopy Laboratory (part of the Chimie Quantique et Photophysique service) at the ULB has a well-known expertise. The work at the ULB will be performed under the supervision of Lieven Clarisse.

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MixITiN

Bringing the paradigm for marine pelagic production into the 21st century: incorporating mixotrophy into mainstream marine research

Le projet de recherche MixITiN est financé par la Commission Européenne dans le cadre du programme Horizon 2020, Actions Marie Sklodowska-Curie, Innovative Training Network (ITN). Ce projet est coordonné par le Dr. Aditee Mitra (Swansea University, UK) et réunit un consortium de 10 instituts de recherche académiques et privés, répartis dans 9 pays, dont l’Université Libre de Bruxelles (Laboratoire d‘Ecologie des Systèmes Aquatiques, Nathalie GYPENS).

L'objectif du projet MixITiN est de développer de nouvelles méthodologies pour la recherche, le suivi et la modélisation mathématique de la production pélagique marine et la prise en compte de la mixotrophie dans l’étude et la gestion environnementale des écosystèmes aquatiques.

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NUNATARYUK

Permafrost thaw and the changing Arctic coast, science for socioeconomic adaptation

The BGEOSYS group (ULB, Faculty of Sciences, DGES) is part of Nunataryuk, an international, multidisciplinary project funded by the European Commission’s Horizon 2020 program, addressing the theme of "permafrost thaw and the changing Arctic coast, science for socioeconomic adaptation".

ULB is involved in WP8: projecting the impact of thawing land, coastal and subsea permafrost on the global climate and on the global economy, which aims at quantifying and projecting CO2 and CH4 fluxes from subsea permafrost and lateral transfer of organic matter at the pan-Arctic scale, as well as estimating the economic costs of these emissions. ULBBGEOSYS (Arndt+Postdoctoral researcher) will develop a stand-alone reactiontransport model of marine permafrost sediments with a focus on the production and fate of CO2 and CH4 through the marine sediment column. This stand-alone model will be coupled to the marine biogeochemistry models HAMOCC (MPG) within the MPI-ESM to evaluate the biogeochemical impact of thawing permafrost on the Arctic.

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RISE CONNECT

CombiNatorics of NEtworks and CompuTation

Networks are present in our lives in numerous different environments: to name just a few, networks can model social relationships, they can model the Internet and links between web pages, they might model the spread of a virus infection between people, and they might represent computer processors/sensors that have to exchange information.

This project aims to obtain new insights into the behaviour of networks, which are studied from a geometric and computational perspective. Thereto, the project brings together researchers from different areas such as Computational Geometry, Discrete Mathematics, Graph Drawing, and Probability. Among of the topics of research are enumerative problems on geometric networks, crossing numbers, random networks, imprecise models of data, restricted orientation geometry. Combinatorial approaches are combined with algorithms. Algorithmic applications of networks are also studied in the context of unmanned aerial vehicles (UAVs) and in the context of musical information retrieval (MIR).

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UHMOB

Ultra-high Charge Carrier Mobility to Elucidate Transport Mechanisms in Molecular Semiconductors (UHMob) is a 48- months multi-site European Training Network (ETN) aimed at enabling multidisciplinary and cross-sectoral training and research in the field of Organic Electronics. It gathers six universities, two research centres, and two companies in Europe who have joint their forces to train 15 Early Stage Researchers (ESR).

The mission of UHMob is to widen the career perspectives of Early-Stage Researchers (ESRs) by allowing them to obtain a PhD in a truly multidisciplinary and cross-sectional research environment. The intensive training program, that largely takes advantage of student exchange, is supported by recent scientific breakthroughs of UHMob partners to offer to ESRs the opportunity to carry research at the forefront of Science. Specifically, the scientific objective of UHMob is to gain a fundamental understanding of charge transport mechanisms in molecular semiconductors.

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VERIFY

The BGEOSYS group (ULB, Faculty of Sciences, DGES) is part of  VERIFY, a Research and Innovation project funded by the European Commission under the H2020 programme.

VERIFY develops a system to estimate greenhouse gas emissions to support countries' emission reporting to the UN Climate Change Convention Secretariat. The emissions are estimated based on land, ocean and atmospheric observations. The project focuses on the three major greenhouse gases responsible for global warming: carbon dioxide (CO2), methane (CH4) and nitrous oxide (N2O). 

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Mis à jour le 22 octobre 2019